OVERVIEW OF ACTIVITIES FORM FOUNDATION TO THE PRESENT

 

 Systematic work on the renovation of the Fruška Gora Monasteries, covering a wide range of activities, from clearing the rubble after the Second World War, research, recording the existing condition, legal protection, completing project documentation, to the implementation of a long term program of conservation, restoration, rehabilitation, and final presentation of the 16 monasteries was financially supported by the Provincial Executive Council and Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Serbia. The conservation of murals, iconostasis, furniture, icons and religious books as well as significant systematic archaeological research was also carried out.
Research, recording and protection of hundreds of objects, entities, sites and places - the first resolution on protection has been issued to: The Romanesque basilica in Arača; the medieval fortress and Franciscan monastery in Bač, the fortresses in Berkasovo, Kovin, Kupinovo, Petrovaradin Fortress with the lower town, the Vrdnička and Vršac towers, the monastery in Bođani, county building in Sombor, the archaeological site Basijana in Srem, the church of St. Nicholas in Ečka et al.
 Creating complex conservation and restoration projects according to which the conversion works on the renovation, rehabilitation and reconstruction of the most important sacred and secular buildings in Sombor, Beč, Vršac, Zrenjanin, Bač, Beočin, Bačka Palanka, Apatin et al were completed.
 The need for protection and conservation of rural and urban units emerged in the mid-sixties of the twentieth century as a reaction to urban development plans that promoted new building and threatened to destroy the towns of Vojvodina, voiding them of their characteristics and local identity. Therefore, the Institute carried out very extensive research and evaluation of buildings in the city center of Novi Sad and the Suburbium
 of the Petrovaradin fortress, and then Zrenjanin, Sombor, Bečej, and these units were placed under protection as early as 1968. In the early seventies, the old towns of Pančevo and Vršac and the rural ambient unit of the centre of Banat Novo Selo were protected. Even greater progress has been made developing a detailed study of protection for Apatin, Bečej and Novi Bečej, as well as of Senta, Kikinda, Vršac, Zrenjanin and Sombor. Studies include evaluation of urban and rural architectural heritage, presenting the history and development of the village through the ages, and measures of protection for buildings and ambient. Requirements for the protection of cultural heritage regarding the village are integral parts of urban planning.
Special attention is given to the protection and development of the historic town of Sremski Karlovci, a unique sites of significant cultural, historical and architectural value with an exceptional geographic position and natural environment. The most valuable cultural heritage consists of The Chapel of Peace, The Gymnasium, Orthodox and Catholic churches, The Patriarchal Palace, Stražilovo, The Seminary, Stefaneum, residential palaces and others.
- The Archaeological Service, through discoveries of significant archaeological sites, has contributed to world cultural heritage. The first of the monuments from the prehistoric era to be placed under the protection of the law is Gomolava in Hrtkovac, whose culture is a multilayered find of world significance. Other significant findings are: prehistoric Hallstatt period Kalakač, the Hallstatt necropolis of Doroslovo, the brickyard in Čelarevo that yielded burial artefacts of unusual symbolism and raised many questions on the ethnicity of one of the populations that inhabited this region during the Great Migration, numerous localities along the Belgrade - Zagreb highway, rich in archaeological material of unique significance. Sites of international importance from the Roman period are in Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica), the Imperial City, and Tomb of Becka in Srem.
 Through the law of investment construction, which incorporates investor commitments to ensuring protection of archaeological sites and the display of archaeological findings, by monitoring the earthworks, the archaeological department of the Institute has established successful cooperation with many enterprises in Vojvodina that perform large-scale infrastructure works and come across important information and discoveries of prehistory, antiquity and the Middle Ages.
 Work on the conservation and restoration of a large number of paintings and works of applied art in churches and monasteries, representative facilities, foundations, museums and galleries throughout Vojvodina, such as the Cathedral and the Lower church in Sremski Karlovci, the Franciscan monastery in Bač; the Registery building in Novi Sad, the Castle "Fantast" in Bečej, the Orthodox Church in Rumenka, the "Milan Konjovic" Gallery in Sombor, the "Sava Šumanović" Gallery in Šid, the Orthodox Church in Martonoš, the collection of the Executive Council and the Assembly of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, and others.
 - Activities outside Vojvodina: After the devastating earthquake in Macedonia and Montenegro, in the '60s and '70s, the experts of the Institute worked on projects for the reconstruction of many monasteries (St. Mark's Monastery, Praskavica, Duljevo Morača ...). Participation in the relocation of the Dobrićevo and Piva monasteries in Herzegovina, in which all elements of the buildings were dismantled and moved to a new location due to the formation of reservoirs, was one of the biggest enterprise of the conservators at that time.

In very difficult conditions, documentation on the destroyed buildings of the Serbian people in Kosovo and Metohija was collected as a basis for future renovation.
Painters-conservators have been working on the restoration and decoration of murals at the National Theatre in Sarajevo, on the restoration of the frescoes in Dečani, the Peć Patriarchate, Hilandar, Vračevšnica monastery, monasteries and Serbian Orthodox churches in Romania.
After a disastrous fire in the Hilendar monastery on Mount Athos in 2004, conservators and restorers from The Provincial Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments have been engaged in reconstruction efforts. They have completely renovated the iconostasis of the Hermitage of St. Sava in Kareja, the iconostasis in the dormitory chapel in Kareja, and in the period 2008-2012, the Metropolitan Simeon iconostasis of 1635 in The Cathedral of the Hilandar Monastery, as well as other icons on wood from the monastery treasury.
Painting conservation and carving-gilding works in Croatia, the iconostasis of the monastery of Krka and Krupa Cathedral in Šibenik, Serbian Orthodox churches: St. Elijah in Zadar, St. Spyridon in Skradin, St. George in Bobota, the winter chapel of the Patriarch's palace in Dalj and others.

Conservation works have been carried out in the Orthodox churches in the Diocese of Buda in Hungary, and Serbian Orthodox churches in Timisoara, Romania.
- Presentation of cultural heritage through exhibitions: one of the most significant exhibitions was in Finland in 1984 were the architectural heritage of the SFRY was presented. On the 40th anniversary of the Institute, a comprehensive exhibition of its work was held in the Museum of Vojvodina. In Thessaloniki, the cultural capital of Europe in 1999, we participated in the great exhibition "Architecture of the Balkans in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries" showing Sremski Karlovci and Fruška Gora monasteries. Exhibitions of cultural heritage were held in England on various occasions, the last being in 1998 in Norwich, twin city of Novi Sad. The Institute has also successfully represented the cultural heritage of this region at the fair of restoration in Ferrara, Italy. Exhibitions on the conservation work of the Institute have been held twice in the Gallery of Matica Srpska

Organization of scientific meetings on the issue of preserving architectural heritage, among other things, one was devoted to the Fruška Gora monasteries, another to the protection and presentation of ethnographic objects, and an international conference on the harmful effects of humidity on monuments. In recent years, the Institute has been involved in events which mark the European Heritage Days (Bac ,Srem, Karlovci), and through national and international projects such as the "Centuries of Bac", "Heromat" and "Monatur", has been conducting research, education and presentation of our cultural heritage.

- As part of its extensive publishing activities, the Institute has issued 25 issues of the periodical "For the study of Cultural Monuments of Vojvodina", ten monographs which cover monuments of great importance in the publication "Heritage", two volumes of "Old Serbian Transcripts and Records" and several monographs, catalogues and technical publications