Situated on the right bank of the Danube, surrounded by vineyards, Sremski Karlovci is a historic town of great architectural and cultural-historical value. The urban core of Sremski Karlovci emerged as a result of the development of the city in the 18, 19 and early 20th century. The settlement, which can trace its development from the Neolithic period, owes its rich history to its exceptional geographic location and characteristics of the soil. The fertile soil on the slopes of Fruska Gora was already used in the Roman period for the cultivation of vines, and the fertile arable land at the base of the mountain enabled the development of agriculture and handicrafts. Proximity to the Danube and to Vienna and Budapest, the major centres of Central Europe, facilitated the development of trade.
The oldest surviving buildings in the city core are from the turn of the 17th/18th century, from the period of Turkish domination. The spontaneous formation of the urban matrix in the 18th century was based on the old city layout, as confirmed by historical sources and archaeological discoveries. Over time, Sremski Karlovci became the largest Serbian town in the Danube region and the center of cultural, educational and spiritual life of Serbs in Hungary.
The withdrawal of the Turks and the establishment of the Metropolitanate of Karlovci gave political importance to Sremski Karlovci and created conditions for cultural and educational development. From 1713, when the Metropolitanate was relocated to Sremski Karlovci, building activity was characterized by lively and dynamic development. With the increasing political importance and role of Sremski Karlovci, there was a need for the construction of public facilities appropriate for newly established positions. The continuity of the architectural boom was ensured by the intellectual and ambitious Karlovci metropolitants and wealthy merchants and artisans, whose engagement had created the city's basic urban physiognomy by the mid-18th Century, and ultimately defined it in the last decade of the 19th and early 20th century. These endeavors have been largely preserved to this day.